“…[nikah] is a social contract of very high status and conjoins a couple and the spouses in a sacred association, with mutual rights and obligations, to be performed in a spirit of love and affection that should last life long, as envisaged by Ayat No. 21 of Surah No. 30, Ayah No.228 of Sura Baqara and Ayah No. 19 of Surah-e-Nisa. Therefore, anything, big or small, that may provide a cause for a breach in mutual love and trust is viewed seriously by Islamic Injunctions. In such situations the Holy Qur’an enjoins upon all Muslims to take appropriate measures to save this sacred union from disruption. Reference in this connection may be made to Verse No. 35 of Surah Al-Nisa, already reproduced hereinabove. Since one of the reasons for such disputes may be the intention of the husband to contract a subsequent marriage of his choice… .”
Concealment by a husband of his previous marriage(s) or contracting another marriage with callous disregard of his wife may disrupt the love, tranquility and mercy ordained by Allah Almighty; “affection” is amongst the favours bestowed by the Almighty for which we need to “give thanks” (verse 78 of surah 16 an-nahl).
The magnitude of this affection is immeasurable; “He hath put affection between their hearts: not if thou hadst spent all that is in the earth, couldst thou have produced that affection, but Allah hath done it” (verse 63 of surah 8 Al-anfal).
Words of Almighty Allah constitute the verses of the Holy Quran and as such are of immense importance to believers; every effort must be made to adhere to them. Almighty Allah directs believers “to study” the Quran and those that do “are the ones that believe therein” (verse 121 of surah 2 al-baqarah).
The Almighty states that to dwell with one’s spouse in tranquility, love and mercy is amongst His “Signs (ayah) for those who reflect (tafakkur)” (verse 21 of surah 30 ar-rum), and, “do not treat Allah’s Signs as a jest” (verse 231 of surah 2 al-baqarah).
Husbands are also required to “deal justly” with their wives and to “live with them [wives] on a footing of kindness and equity” (verses 3 and 19 respectively of surah 4 an-nisa).
If a husband, without his wife’s permission or in secret, takes another wife, Can his dealing with the first wife be categorized just or is he maintaining the footing of kindness and equity? After issuing the warning that wives must be dealt with justly, Almighty Allah wants, “to prevent you [husbands] from doing injustice” by prescribing that in such cases “then only one [wife]” (verse 3 of surah 4 an-nisa).